Subsea Pipeline Inspection, Repair and Maintenance

Introduction Ever since the first subsea pipelines were installed engineers have been developing methods to inspect, repair and maintain them to ensure that they can safely transport the fluids required. Most of this development has focussed on the areas of saturation diving, remotely operated vehicles and pigging, with the technologies improving incrementally to meet the demands of deeper, hotter and …

Use Probabilistic Data for Safer and Cheaper Design and Operation of Pipelines

Vast amounts of data are now available to designers and operators of pipeline systems, however, this data is rarely used to optimise the design or operation because the standards and codes do not allow for this. Introduction We live in a world where the perception of risk is often skewed. People think that any risk is unacceptable but… We still …